• Le droit de la famille, dans sa dimension civiliste, fortement ancré dans les cultures nationales des États membres, est une matière qui ne relève pas, en principe, du droit de l'Union européenne. Pourtant, il n'est plus possible d'affirmer que la matière échappe dans son entier au droit de l'Union. De nombreux aspects de la famille sont sous influence européenne, au point que l'on voit se dessiner les contours d'une « famille européenne ». L'ouvrage propose de mettre en lumière l'acquis européen en matière de droit de la famille, au prisme du droit matériel (citoyenneté européenne, politique sociale de l'Union, fonction publique européenne...), comme du droit international privé. Le droit de la famille de l'Union s'identifie alors comme un «droit spécial» complétant la diversité des droits nationaux de la famille. Sa signification théorique et politique dans l'Union est débattue par les auteurs, autant que son devenir. Loin de demeurer fragmentaire à côté des droits nationaux des États membres, il a probablement vocation à se densifier pour offrir aux citoyens et résidents européens un droit commun de la famille au sein de l'Union.
    Family law, with its civil law tradition, and strong roots in the national cultures of the Member States, does not normally fall within the scope of European law. However, it is no longer possible to argue that family law is outside European law entirely. There are many aspects of the family which are subject to European influence, to the point that the outlines of a «European family» are starting to emerge. This book is intended to highlight the European experience of family law and its substantive (i.e. European citizenship, EU social policy, EU civil service...) and private international law aspects. Union law therefore contains a form of «special» family law which is shared between the Member States and supplements their national family laws. Its theoretical and political importance in the Union, as well as its future, are discussed by the authors. Far from remaining fragmented alongside the national laws of Member States, it will likely develop to offer European citizens and residents a common family law within the EU.

  • In twenty years, the globalization of trade has led to a change in scale that has upset the balance of power between the players in online containerized maritime transport and the logistics chain passing through European seaports. Three global shipping alliances dominate 90% of online containerized maritime transport, while further integrating port activities.
    Twelve Asian ports, eight of which are Chinese, are now among the top fifteen in the world. At the same time, Chinese interests, supported by public authorities and resources, are taking control of terminals and port companies in Europe, as part of the geopolitical project of the New Silk Roads. This economic and industrial context is emblematic of the challenges facing European competition law, which has so far accompanied rather than controlled these transformations. European competition rules will have to be mobilized in a global context, alongside the new rules on the control of foreign direct investment. This study takes stock of the new regulatory challenges in this sector of prime importance for the Union.

  • This Handbook of European Environment and Climate Law is the 2nd edition of the work previously titled Handbook of European Environment Law.
    It is associated with the Traité de droit européen de l'environnement et du climat and the Manuel de droit européen de l'environnement et du climat, both in the French language and published in the same collection, and with which it shares a same structure. The Traité provides a more in-depth approach, with further historic, policy and caselaw considerations, and more complete references.
    The introduction in the book's title of the climate dimension, while it was already quite present in the previous edition, is testimony to its growing importance absent a dedicated EU policy and corresponding legislative basis.
    Climate law is covered in its many occurrences along the work, its specificities noted, and their consequences recognized, especially with respect to the international background which brings about novel legal interventions, an upheaval of classical approaches, through the creation of a new governance for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and of the resulting EU legislation.
    The recurring changes in the many and diverse environmental legislations are also of course presented in context, including in light of the growing importance of circular economy and the proposal of a European Green Deal.
    The growing interference of fundamental rights is henceforth considered: Charter of Fundamental Rights of the Union, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, etc. More broadly, the development of environmental and climate disputes settlement is accounted for beyond the traditional recourse to the EU judges, in the national courts including through transnational private litigation, and in international arbitration.

  • The potency of the law in fostering the process of gradual European integration is easily discernable and widely acknowledged. It is largely and conspicuously revealed by the litigation before the courts of, both, the European Union and its Member States.
    The concern faithfully to give the European treaty the authentic meaning and scope as intended by its authors permeates the European courts' judgments, and the constant theme of the entitlement of those vested with rights conferred by the law of the European Union to effective judicial protection is omnipresent in their decisions.
    The law of European integration has been uncharted territory. The novelty of various issues which have arisen and on which the courts have had to pronounce springs from the originality of the integration venture and is commensurate with its uniqueness, distinctive nature and specific exigencies.
    The writings here assembled allow to trace the starting point since the inceptive formative years of the growth of a legal doctrine and an evolving jurisprudential edifice in several areas, to appraise their direction and constancy and to assay adjustments and adaptations.

  • En octobre 2016, le Conseil des barreaux européens (CCBE) a organisé un colloque sur « L'innovation et l'avenir de la profession d'avocat ». Le colloque a abordé des questions telles que : comment la profession d'avocat évolue-t-elle ou se réinvente-t-elle pour occuper une place essentielle dans son avenir ? Est-il possible de respecter les valeurs fondamentales de la profession tout en relevant ces défis ? Quels sont les acteurs clés de l'innovation et du positionnement de la profession d'avocat dans un environnement en constante évolution ? Comment les avocats européens répondent-ils à ces questions ?
    Le livre du CCBE est le fruit de la rencontre d'experts exposant leurs idées et leurs réflexions sur leur sujet respectif dans des articles constructifs. ****************** In October 2016, the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) organised a conference on "Innovation and the Future of the Legal Profession". The conference addressed such questions as: how will the legal profession evolve or reinvent itself to be an essential part of its future? Can the profession's core values be upheld whilst adapting to these challenges? Who are the key players innovating and positioning the legal profession in an ever-changing environment? How are European lawyers responding to these questions?
    This CCBE book is the resulting collection of essays by the expert speakers, elaborating their ideas and thoughts on their respective topics into compelling articles.

  • Innovation in public procurement is essential for sustainable and inclusive growth in an increasingly globalized economy. To achieve that potential, both the promises and the perils of innovation must be investigated, including the risks and opportunities of joint procurement across borders in the European Union and the United States.
    This in-depth research investigates innovation in public procurement from three different perspectives. First, leading academics and practitioners assess the purchase of innovation, with a particular focus on urban public contracting in smart cities involving meta-infrastructures, public-private partnership arrangements and smart contracts. A second line of inquiry looks for ways to encourage innovative suppliers. Here, the collected authors draw on emerging lessons from the US and Europe, to explore both the costs and the benefits of spurring innovation through procurement.
    A third perspective looks to various innovations in the procurement process itself, with a focus on the effects of joint and cross-border procurement in the EU and US landscapes. The chapters review new technologies and platforms, the increasingly automated means of selecting suppliers, and the related efficiencies that "big data" can bring to public procurement.
    Expanding on research in the editors' prior volume, Integrity and Efficiency in Sustainable Public Contracts: Balancing Corruption Concerns in Public Procurement Internationally (Bruylant 2014), this volume builds on a series of academic conferences and exchanges to address these issues from sophisticated academic, institutional and practical perspectives, and to point the way to future research on the contractual models that are emerging from new procurement technologies.

  • On 17 December 2009, the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice of the Council of Europe adopted the Guidelines for a better implementation of the existing recommendation of the Council of Europe on enforcement. These principles aim to guarantee to all the access to an enforcement agent and a quality enforcement in the respect of the fundamental rights of the litigants.
    In the first part of the book, reference is made to the genesis of the CEPEJ Guidelines on Enforcement as well as to its state of application in the various Council of Europe Member States.
    The second part of the book deals with the problem of the evolution of technologies and aims to question how artificial intelligence can be put at the service of enforcement. In this respect, the analysis focuses on the importance of both electronic access to information and access to dematerialised information, to highlight the imperative need for a procedure for seizure of dematerialised assets and to consider drafting the a crypto-currency attachment procedure.
    Le 17 décembre 2009, la Commission européenne pour l'efficacité de la justice du Conseil de l'Europe a adopté des Lignes directrices pour une meilleure mise en oeuvre de la recommandation existante du Conseil de l'Europe sur l'exécution. Ces principes visent à garantir à tous l'accès à un agent d'exécution et à une exécution de qualité dans le respect des droits fondamentaux des justiciables.
    Dans la première partie de l'ouvrage il est fait état de la genèse des Lignes directrices de la CEPEJ sur l'exécution ainsi que de son état d'application au sein des différents États membres du Conseil de l'Europe.
    La seconde partie de l'ouvrage aborde la problématique de l'évolution des technologies et vise à s'interroger sur la façon dont l'intelligence artificielle peut être mise au service de l'exécution. À cet égard, l'analyse porte sur l'importance tant d'un accès dématérialisé aux informations que d'un accès aux informations dématérialisées, pour relever l'impérieuse nécessité d'une procédure de saisie des avoirs dématérialisés et envisager l'ébauche d'une procédure de saisie des crypto-monnaies.

  • En 2019, 40 ans après la première élection des membres du Parlement européen au suffrage universel direct en 1979, les citoyens de l'Union étaient une neuvième fois appelés aux urnes. Entre ces deux dates, le Parlement européen a profondément changé, passant d'une simple assemblée consultative au colégislateur de droit commun d'une Union européenne en proie à de nombreuses crises. Les contributions au présent ouvrage, tirées des travaux d'un colloque international qui s'est tenu à l'Université de Bordeaux les 9 et 10 mai 2019, entendent dresser le bilan, les enjeux et les perspectives, tant des élections européennes de 2019 que de la démocratie représentative européenne de façon globale.
    In 2019, 40 years after the first election of members of the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage in 1979, the citizens of the Union were called to the polls for the ninth time. Between these two dates, the European Parliament changed dramatically, from a mere consultative assembly to the ordinary co-legislator of a European Union plagued by many crises. This book draws on an international conference held at the University of Bordeaux on May 9 and 10, 2019. The various contributions therein intend to take stock, examine the challenges and envisage the prospects, not only of the 2019 European elections but also of representative European democracy in general.

  • The idea of fairness has recently re-entered the policy discourse underpinning competition law enforcement, in the EU and beyond. Of course, the term "unfair" can be found in the EU Treaty and the avoidance of consumers' exploitation is the ultimate aim of competition principles. Still, the boundaries of fairness as a driver of competition enforcement appear unclear and, for some, dangerously flexible. At the same time, whilst the application of competition rules has over the years been focusing on restrictions to the competitive process with the effect of harming consumers, a wave of cases recently brought or decided at EU and national level appear to be inspired by wide and somewhat elusive fairness considerations, including non-discrimination, neutrality, equality of opportunities, natural justice or avoidance of abuse of law. Reference can be made to cases relating to product design, IP licensing, geo-blocking, network neutrality, privacy concerns or fiscal justice. This volume explores how fairness may guide competition enforcement, what its significance may be in explaining recent trends and actual outcomes, and what implications can be observed or expected by relying on a fairness standard in the design of substantive principles. Associating lawyers and economists, practitioners and academics, it discusses the boundaries of fairness in a world where the rationality of markets has been profoundly shaken by recent crises.

  • This work contains the papers of the Tenth Conference on “Antitrust between EU Law and national law”, held in Treviso on May 17 and 18 , 2012 under the patronage of the European Lawyers Union – Union des Avocats Européens (UAE), the Associazione Italiana per la Tutela della Concorrenza - the Italian section of the Ligue Internationale du Droit de la Concurrence (LIDC)-, the Associazione Italiana Giuristi di Impresa (AIGI), the European Company Lawyers Association (ECLA), and the Associazione Antitrust Italiana (AAI). Some of the papers have been extensively reviewed and updated by the authors prior to publication.
    Contributions contained in this volume are the result of an in-depth analysis and study of the most salient issues arising from the application of antitrust rules, carried out by experienced and high-ranking professionals, company lawyers, academics and EU/national institutional representatives who attended the Conference. They deal with extremely topical issues, lying at the heart of current antitrust debate. Some of the most contemporary topics include those relative to the large-scale distribution sector and the control of concentrations at both national and European level. Ample consideration is also given to salient antitrust issues encountered in undertakings’ day-to-day business life, as well as to the future of antitrust in the global economy, also in the light of the new powers recently attributed to the Italian Antitrust Authority to challenge administrative acts. This volume also includes some precious insights on the assessment and quantification of damages in antitrust infringements, from both an economic and legal perspective, as well as reflections on the role of judges in the application of antitrust law, also following the principles set forth by the European Court of Human Rights in the well-known Menarini case.

  • This book analyses many aspects of the present EU regulatory framework for public contracts, especially public procurement, taking the ongoing reform process into account. First, several chapters discuss the regime of the Public Sector Procurement Directive 2004/18/EC governing the procurement activities of the EU Member States, the coverage of the Directive, qualification and technical specifications, procurement procedures, and award criteria.
    A specific chapter describes the EU principles applicable to contracts not covered or partially covered by the Directive, which have been the subject of relevant developments in the case law of the European Court of Justice. Another chapter covers sustainable procurement.
    Second, three chapters are devoted to special procurement regimes, namely public private partnerships, defence and utilities. Third, the review and remedies regime for public procurement is covered in two chapter. Fourth, one chapters goes beyond public procurement and looks at the effect of EU law on the contract management of public contracts, after their conclusion. Fifth, three chapters go beyond the regulation of the Member States and look at the EU law regime applicable to contracts of the EU institutions. Sixth and finally, a concluding chapter provides a critique of the EU legal framework by an author from outside the EU.

  • One of the key components of the modernization of competition rules has been a radical departure from the previous «form-based» enforcement to a so-called «effects-based» approach. Taking stock of ten years of experience under this new policy, the present book analyses the changes brought about, as well as the practical problems encountered in its day-to-day application, be it by competition law enforcers, judges or practitioners. This book compiles the reports prepared for the 2011 Annual Conference of the Global Competition Law Centre (“GCLC”). Each and every chapter of this volume formulates concrete proposals as to how the system can be clarified or even improved. The focus is not only on the enforcement of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU, but also in the file of merger control. Attempts are made to define more precisely the boundaries between anticompetitive object and effect, and to develop adequate safe harbours and presumptions. This book also casts a closer look at the analytical framework, possible theories of harm, evidence and defences. Overall the objective is to reconcile as best as possible law and economics, and to see how the goal to achieve the “right decision” in terms of economic outcome can be combined with the legitimate need for legal certainty.

  • L’ampleur des enjeux humains, économiques et sociaux posés par la question des solidarités entre générations a conduit l’International society of Family Law (ISFL) à choisir ce thème pour son XVe congrès mondial.
    Plus de 200 intervenants, venus de 50 pays, ont abordé ces questions sous l’angle juridique, mais aussi philosophique, économique et anthropologique. Cet ouvrage présente une partie de ces communications organisées autour de deux grands thèmes : l’enfant au cœur des solidarités familiales et la prise en charge des aînés par la famille.
    Des phénomènes tels que l’allongement de la durée de la vie, l’urbanisation des populations, la difficulté d’entrée sur le marché du travail ou encore l’éclatement des modèles familiaux traditionnels marquent notre monde contemporain et impliquent la disparition d’anciennes solidarités et l’apparition de nouvelles solidarités redessinant les relations entre générations, posant alors le problème du sort des personnes les plus fragiles : les enfants, les malades, les handicapés et, surtout, les personnes âgées.
    – Quel est alors le rôle de la famille et des collectivités dans la protection de ces personnes ?
    – Quels rapports entre solidarités publiques et solidarités privées ?
    – Quels sont les droits et libertés reconnus aux personnes que l’âge, la maladie ou le handicap, placent en situation de dépendances ?
    Telles sont les questions au cœur de cet ouvrage.
    The importance of the human, economic and social issues caused by the question of generations’ solidarities led the International Society of Family Law to choose this theme for its XVIth World Congress (Lyon, July 19-23rd 2011). More than 200 speakers from 50 countries studied these questions from the legal angle, but also philosophic, economic and anthropological. This work collects a part of these papers about two great issues: the child, as the center of family solidarities; and the support for elders by family.
    Phenomena such as increasing life expectancy, population urbanization, labor-market entry barriers, decline of traditional family patterns, mark in depth our contemporary world and involve old solidarity disappearance and new solidarity emergence, reshaping relations between generations while bringing up the problem of the fate of the most vulnerable: children, the sick, disabled, and especially elderly people.
    – What then is the role of families and communities in protecting these people?
    – What is the relationship between public and private solidarity?
    – What are the rights and freedoms of people placed by age, illness or disability in a dependence situation?
    These are the issues addressed by the authors of this book.

  • Le présent ouvrage est le résultat d’une recherche conjointe entre les Universités de Bologne, Rennes et Bruxelles sur le thème de la dimension extérieure de l’espace de liberté, de sécurité et de justice de l’Union européenne (ELSJ). Cette recherche a été soutenue par la Commission européenne dans le cadre de l’ Action Jean Monnet.
    Il associe des professeurs et chercheurs de renom qui conjuguent leurs compétences et situent leur analyse à l’intersection des politiques en la matière et des politiques externes de l’Union européenne.
    Les auteurs évaluent de manière critique l’impact du traité de Lisbonne et de la pratique de l’Union concernant la dimension extérieure de l’ELSJ. Cette dimension dont l’importance ne cesse de croître oblige l’Union à concilier des impératifs parfois contradictoires entre les objectifs sécuritaires de l’ELSJ ou ceux de l’action extérieure, ou encore avec les valeurs sur lesquelles elle est fondée.
    Les auteurs tentent de répondre à différentes questions induites par le nouveau système de représentation extérieure de l’Union dans le domaine de l’ELSJ :
    Quelles sont les retombées juridiques du nouveau système ?
    Quel est également son impact politique ?
    Ne risque-t-on pas une incursion croissante de la politique étrangère et de sécurité commune (PESC) dans les aspects sécuritaires de l’ELSJ ?

  • This work, the third volume in its series, is devoted entirely to the procedural issues that may arise during the course of an arbitration procedure.
    With this trilingual publication, CEPANI wishes to highlight the importance of the proper conduct of arbitral proceedings. Furthermore, the Centre also seeks to enhance the attractiveness of arbitration, in Belgium as well as internationally, by contributing to a better knowledge of arbitral proceedings and their rules.
    The selected arbitral awards come with comments from expert practitioners and academics in English, Dutch or French, including a summary in the two other languages. The work also includes an index of key words for easy reference. ---------------------------------------
    Cet ouvrage, intégralement consacré aux questions de procédure susceptibles d’être rencontrées tout au long de la procédure arbitrale, constitue le troisième volume de la série.
    Cette publication trilingue, s’inscrit dans la volonté du CEPANI de mettre en évidence l’importance de la bonne conduite d’une procédure arbitrale. Le Centre a également l’ambition de renforcer l’attractivité de l’arbitrage, tant en Belgique qu’au niveau international, en diffusant une meilleure connaissance de la procédure arbitrale et de son règlement.
    Une équipe de praticiens expérimentés et d’universitaires spécialisés commentent les décisions sélectionnées en anglais, néerlandais ou français. Un résumé est joint dans les deux autres langues. La consultation de cet ouvrage est facilitée par un index de mots clés. ---------------------------------------
    Dit werk, het derde deel van een reeks, is integraal gewijd aan procedurekwesties die kunnen opduiken tijdens een arbitrageprocedure.
    CEPANI wil met deze drietalige publicatie de aandacht vestigen op het belang van een goed gevoerde arbitrageprocedure. Daarnaast koestert het Centrum ook de ambitie om de aantrekkelijkheid van arbitrage te vergroten, zowel in België als internationaal, door in te zetten op een grotere bekendheid van de arbitrale procedure en van het desbetreffende reglement.
    De geselecteerde arbitrale uitspraken zijn voorzien van commentaren door ervaren vakmensen en gespecialiseerde academici in het Engels, Frans of Nederlands, inclusief een samenvatting in de twee andere talen. Een index van sleutelwoorden vergemakkelijkt de raadpleging van het werk.

  • European private international law is by now based mainly on a large body of uniform rules such as the Regulations Rome I, Rome II, Brussels I, Brussels I bis. This significant legislative output, however, does not take place in a vacuum. Rules of private international law have been earlier (and still are) adopted at national, international and even European level in scattered regulations and directives. The recent plethora of private international law rules gives rise to issues of delineation and calls for some sort of ordering as gaps, overlaps and contradictions become flagrant. At the same time, the resulting interactions can offer new insight, ideas and even opportunities at a more theoretical level.
    This book gathers a collection of essays resulting out of a series of international seminars held in Lyon, Barcelona and Louvain-la-Neuve. During those seminars, young researchers selected in an open call for papers had the opportunity to discuss their views among themselves as well as with various specialists of the field, such as more senior academics, EU civil servants, national experts and representatives of other international organisations. The book offers the fresh views of those who will in the future shape the dialectic between the various sources of private international law and attempts to launch a discussion on the “living together” of legal sources.
    Two ranges of topics are addressed in the book:
    - firstly, the relationship between EU private international law and national law (substantial and procedural) and/or international law (international instruments of private international law or of uniform substantive law); and
    - secondly, the relationship between EU private international law and other aspects of EU law (internal market rules of primary law, harmonisation through secondary law and other pieces of legislation enacted in the realm of the area of freedom, security and justice).

  • Anglais New frontiers of antitrust 2014


    • Bruylant
    • 24 Septembre 2015

    This volume contains the papers presented at the annual Concurrences Journal conference held on 21 February 2014 at the French Ministry for the Economy. After the traditional « State of the Union », presented by Vice President Joaquín Almunia in the context of the « after » economic crisis, the papers adress four main issues:
    • Detection of anticompetitive practices: Should existing tools be revised or new tools introduced? Leniency, market surveys, financial reward…
    • Patents: Can antitrust authorities contribute to fixing the dysfunctional patent system?
    • European Competition Network 10 years after & EC Regulation 1/2003: Can cooperation be extended to merger control and advocacy?
    • Restructuring firms in the context of crisis: What role for merger policy? The volume ends by a contribution of Minister Benoi^t Hamon on the French class action. This work was published in the collection under the scientific direction of Professor Laurence Idot.

  • Income taxation is the fuel and vector of the economic policy of many states. This concise book, destined to students, practitioners and policy makers, explains the issues of taxation of transnational income in a world of sovereign states: how to prevent unjust and inefficient double taxation of the same income, by allocating the tax base between source and residence state and properly allowing in the latter for the tax levied in the former? How to prevent abuse by taxpayers or states, furthering tax evasion or avoidance and causing other but equally significant injustices and inefficiencies? Solutions developed over a century of practice are analyzed. That field of the legal art & science is still young and the paradigm for ideal taxation in the global village of the XXIst century is yet to be invented.
    An appendix includes the juxtalinear texts of the OECD and UN Model Conventions.