Droit européen

  • Le droit de la famille, dans sa dimension civiliste, fortement ancré dans les cultures nationales des États membres, est une matière qui ne relève pas, en principe, du droit de l'Union européenne. Pourtant, il n'est plus possible d'affirmer que la matière échappe dans son entier au droit de l'Union. De nombreux aspects de la famille sont sous influence européenne, au point que l'on voit se dessiner les contours d'une « famille européenne ». L'ouvrage propose de mettre en lumière l'acquis européen en matière de droit de la famille, au prisme du droit matériel (citoyenneté européenne, politique sociale de l'Union, fonction publique européenne...), comme du droit international privé. Le droit de la famille de l'Union s'identifie alors comme un «droit spécial» complétant la diversité des droits nationaux de la famille. Sa signification théorique et politique dans l'Union est débattue par les auteurs, autant que son devenir. Loin de demeurer fragmentaire à côté des droits nationaux des États membres, il a probablement vocation à se densifier pour offrir aux citoyens et résidents européens un droit commun de la famille au sein de l'Union.
    Family law, with its civil law tradition, and strong roots in the national cultures of the Member States, does not normally fall within the scope of European law. However, it is no longer possible to argue that family law is outside European law entirely. There are many aspects of the family which are subject to European influence, to the point that the outlines of a «European family» are starting to emerge. This book is intended to highlight the European experience of family law and its substantive (i.e. European citizenship, EU social policy, EU civil service...) and private international law aspects. Union law therefore contains a form of «special» family law which is shared between the Member States and supplements their national family laws. Its theoretical and political importance in the Union, as well as its future, are discussed by the authors. Far from remaining fragmented alongside the national laws of Member States, it will likely develop to offer European citizens and residents a common family law within the EU.

  • L'Institut Européen de l'Expertise et de l'Expert poursuit, parmi ses objectifs, l'identification des convergences possibles des systèmes d'expertise judiciaire nationaux et l'élaboration de propositions pour améliorer la qualité des expertises judiciaires conduites dans l'espace européen.
    Cofinancé par la Commission européenne, le projet EGLE (European Guide for Legal Expertise) a permis l'élaboration d'un Guide des bonnes pratiques de l'expertise judiciaire civile dans l'Union européenne.
    Préfacée par Giorgio Santacroce, Premier président honoraire de la Cour de cassation italienne et conclue par François Paychère, Président du GT-QUAL (Conseil de l'Europe), le présent ouvrage enrichit et complète le Guide d'une série d'analyses et de réflexions sur leur mise en oeuvre.

  • In twenty years, the globalization of trade has led to a change in scale that has upset the balance of power between the players in online containerized maritime transport and the logistics chain passing through European seaports. Three global shipping alliances dominate 90% of online containerized maritime transport, while further integrating port activities.
    Twelve Asian ports, eight of which are Chinese, are now among the top fifteen in the world. At the same time, Chinese interests, supported by public authorities and resources, are taking control of terminals and port companies in Europe, as part of the geopolitical project of the New Silk Roads. This economic and industrial context is emblematic of the challenges facing European competition law, which has so far accompanied rather than controlled these transformations. European competition rules will have to be mobilized in a global context, alongside the new rules on the control of foreign direct investment. This study takes stock of the new regulatory challenges in this sector of prime importance for the Union.

  • This Handbook of European Environment and Climate Law is the 2nd edition of the work previously titled Handbook of European Environment Law.
    It is associated with the Traité de droit européen de l'environnement et du climat and the Manuel de droit européen de l'environnement et du climat, both in the French language and published in the same collection, and with which it shares a same structure. The Traité provides a more in-depth approach, with further historic, policy and caselaw considerations, and more complete references.
    The introduction in the book's title of the climate dimension, while it was already quite present in the previous edition, is testimony to its growing importance absent a dedicated EU policy and corresponding legislative basis.
    Climate law is covered in its many occurrences along the work, its specificities noted, and their consequences recognized, especially with respect to the international background which brings about novel legal interventions, an upheaval of classical approaches, through the creation of a new governance for the implementation of the Paris Agreement and of the resulting EU legislation.
    The recurring changes in the many and diverse environmental legislations are also of course presented in context, including in light of the growing importance of circular economy and the proposal of a European Green Deal.
    The growing interference of fundamental rights is henceforth considered: Charter of Fundamental Rights of the Union, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, etc. More broadly, the development of environmental and climate disputes settlement is accounted for beyond the traditional recourse to the EU judges, in the national courts including through transnational private litigation, and in international arbitration.

  • The potency of the law in fostering the process of gradual European integration is easily discernable and widely acknowledged. It is largely and conspicuously revealed by the litigation before the courts of, both, the European Union and its Member States.
    The concern faithfully to give the European treaty the authentic meaning and scope as intended by its authors permeates the European courts' judgments, and the constant theme of the entitlement of those vested with rights conferred by the law of the European Union to effective judicial protection is omnipresent in their decisions.
    The law of European integration has been uncharted territory. The novelty of various issues which have arisen and on which the courts have had to pronounce springs from the originality of the integration venture and is commensurate with its uniqueness, distinctive nature and specific exigencies.
    The writings here assembled allow to trace the starting point since the inceptive formative years of the growth of a legal doctrine and an evolving jurisprudential edifice in several areas, to appraise their direction and constancy and to assay adjustments and adaptations.

  • En octobre 2016, le Conseil des barreaux européens (CCBE) a organisé un colloque sur « L'innovation et l'avenir de la profession d'avocat ». Le colloque a abordé des questions telles que : comment la profession d'avocat évolue-t-elle ou se réinvente-t-elle pour occuper une place essentielle dans son avenir ? Est-il possible de respecter les valeurs fondamentales de la profession tout en relevant ces défis ? Quels sont les acteurs clés de l'innovation et du positionnement de la profession d'avocat dans un environnement en constante évolution ? Comment les avocats européens répondent-ils à ces questions ?
    Le livre du CCBE est le fruit de la rencontre d'experts exposant leurs idées et leurs réflexions sur leur sujet respectif dans des articles constructifs. ****************** In October 2016, the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE) organised a conference on "Innovation and the Future of the Legal Profession". The conference addressed such questions as: how will the legal profession evolve or reinvent itself to be an essential part of its future? Can the profession's core values be upheld whilst adapting to these challenges? Who are the key players innovating and positioning the legal profession in an ever-changing environment? How are European lawyers responding to these questions?
    This CCBE book is the resulting collection of essays by the expert speakers, elaborating their ideas and thoughts on their respective topics into compelling articles.

  • Every company creates intellectual property but without always realising it. In today's knowledge-based economy, intellectual property is a strategic and essential asset that ensures the development and durability of a company. It is important to protect this asset by creating registered intellectual property rights.
    Intellectual Property in Luxembourg sets out the legal aspects and tax advantages, together with practical action points on how to implement an intellectual property strategy within a company. The book explains the tax and other advantages of Luxembourg, a place where innovation and entrepreneurship are valued and encouraged.
    Readers can use this as a practical guide to fully optimise the management of their IP rights.

  • On 17 December 2009, the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice of the Council of Europe adopted the Guidelines for a better implementation of the existing recommendation of the Council of Europe on enforcement. These principles aim to guarantee to all the access to an enforcement agent and a quality enforcement in the respect of the fundamental rights of the litigants.
    In the first part of the book, reference is made to the genesis of the CEPEJ Guidelines on Enforcement as well as to its state of application in the various Council of Europe Member States.
    The second part of the book deals with the problem of the evolution of technologies and aims to question how artificial intelligence can be put at the service of enforcement. In this respect, the analysis focuses on the importance of both electronic access to information and access to dematerialised information, to highlight the imperative need for a procedure for seizure of dematerialised assets and to consider drafting the a crypto-currency attachment procedure.
    Le 17 décembre 2009, la Commission européenne pour l'efficacité de la justice du Conseil de l'Europe a adopté des Lignes directrices pour une meilleure mise en oeuvre de la recommandation existante du Conseil de l'Europe sur l'exécution. Ces principes visent à garantir à tous l'accès à un agent d'exécution et à une exécution de qualité dans le respect des droits fondamentaux des justiciables.
    Dans la première partie de l'ouvrage il est fait état de la genèse des Lignes directrices de la CEPEJ sur l'exécution ainsi que de son état d'application au sein des différents États membres du Conseil de l'Europe.
    La seconde partie de l'ouvrage aborde la problématique de l'évolution des technologies et vise à s'interroger sur la façon dont l'intelligence artificielle peut être mise au service de l'exécution. À cet égard, l'analyse porte sur l'importance tant d'un accès dématérialisé aux informations que d'un accès aux informations dématérialisées, pour relever l'impérieuse nécessité d'une procédure de saisie des avoirs dématérialisés et envisager l'ébauche d'une procédure de saisie des crypto-monnaies.

  • En 2019, 40 ans après la première élection des membres du Parlement européen au suffrage universel direct en 1979, les citoyens de l'Union étaient une neuvième fois appelés aux urnes. Entre ces deux dates, le Parlement européen a profondément changé, passant d'une simple assemblée consultative au colégislateur de droit commun d'une Union européenne en proie à de nombreuses crises. Les contributions au présent ouvrage, tirées des travaux d'un colloque international qui s'est tenu à l'Université de Bordeaux les 9 et 10 mai 2019, entendent dresser le bilan, les enjeux et les perspectives, tant des élections européennes de 2019 que de la démocratie représentative européenne de façon globale.
    In 2019, 40 years after the first election of members of the European Parliament by direct universal suffrage in 1979, the citizens of the Union were called to the polls for the ninth time. Between these two dates, the European Parliament changed dramatically, from a mere consultative assembly to the ordinary co-legislator of a European Union plagued by many crises. This book draws on an international conference held at the University of Bordeaux on May 9 and 10, 2019. The various contributions therein intend to take stock, examine the challenges and envisage the prospects, not only of the 2019 European elections but also of representative European democracy in general.

  • The idea of fairness has recently re-entered the policy discourse underpinning competition law enforcement, in the EU and beyond. Of course, the term "unfair" can be found in the EU Treaty and the avoidance of consumers' exploitation is the ultimate aim of competition principles. Still, the boundaries of fairness as a driver of competition enforcement appear unclear and, for some, dangerously flexible. At the same time, whilst the application of competition rules has over the years been focusing on restrictions to the competitive process with the effect of harming consumers, a wave of cases recently brought or decided at EU and national level appear to be inspired by wide and somewhat elusive fairness considerations, including non-discrimination, neutrality, equality of opportunities, natural justice or avoidance of abuse of law. Reference can be made to cases relating to product design, IP licensing, geo-blocking, network neutrality, privacy concerns or fiscal justice. This volume explores how fairness may guide competition enforcement, what its significance may be in explaining recent trends and actual outcomes, and what implications can be observed or expected by relying on a fairness standard in the design of substantive principles. Associating lawyers and economists, practitioners and academics, it discusses the boundaries of fairness in a world where the rationality of markets has been profoundly shaken by recent crises.

  • The preliminary reference procedure under Article 267 TFEU is the keystone of the EU judicial system and its legal order. Based on a dialogue between the Court of Justice and national courts, it is strictly linked to the protection of the rights that individuals derive from EU law.
    This book focuses on this procedure from the perspective of the right to effective judicial protection, in light of Article 19(1), second subparagraph, TEU and Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. It explores the level of protection that is ensured to individuals in order to access to the Court of Justice through preliminary references on the validity of EU acts and on the interpretation of EU law.
    /> The book offers a threefold perspective on preliminary references, through an analysis of the case law of the Court of Justice itself, of the European Court of Human Rights in relation to Article 6(1) ECHR, and of the constitutional courts of Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain, where the national courts' refusals to refer can lead to the violation of national constitutional rights. It further investigates the obligations for Member States and national courts in the framework of the preliminary reference procedure and how the right to effective judicial protection affects them. The examination outlines the implications that could flow from the recognition of a right for individuals to have a question referred to the ECJ, as part of the right to effective judicial protection under EU law, in particular its nature and its enforcement. Building upon the existing system of sanctions for the violations of the obligation to submit a preliminary question, the book advances some proposals to rethink the current system of remedies.