What is the most important lesson in the word of God? In Matt. 22:34-40, Jesus summarizes the whole Bible into two commandments, being `love for God' and `love for thy neighbor' (Lev. 19:18). Why did Jesus cite Lev. 19:18 (love) instead of 19:2 (holiness), which is the core of this chapter? This book analyzes how Lev. 19 is unfolded from OT times to the message of the NT. It attempts to prove the importance of Lev. 19 in the canonical tradition of Judaism and Christianity and to identify the clues which can help to explain the reason why Jesus chose Lev. 19:18. Further, the book shows that holiness, one of the main issues in Lev. 19, is replaced by perfection in Matt. 5:48. This connection is shown through examining the Community Rule (1QS) of the Dead Sea Scrolls, which joins the themes of holiness and perfection. This combination serves as the `missing link' to bridge the gap between Lev. 19 and Matt. 5. The method used to explore these texts is called `a canonical unfolding.' After a commentary on Lev. 19 the chapter is compared to other connected texts. Finally, the meaning of Lev. 19 is reinterpreted in the whole context of the Canon.
This is the first book to explore the importance of agriculture in relation to the restoration of the Jerusalem temple in the Book of Haggai during the Achaemenid period. Scholars discussing the rebuilding of the temple have mainly focused on the political and social context. Additionally, the missions of Ezra and Nehemiah have been used as a basis for analysing the economy of postexilic Judah. This has, however, understated the wider socio-economic significance of the temple by disregarding the agricultural capacity of Judah. The Book of Haggai is primarily concerned with agriculture and the temple. This analysis of Haggai includes an examination of the temple's reconstruction from a historical and economic point of view, with agriculture playing a central role. Archaeological records are examined and show that prized commodities such as olives and grapes were produced in and around Jerusalem in large quantities and exported all over the ancient Near East. This book is intended to shed new light on the value of agriculture for the people of Judah and the whole imperial economy. It also presents a new interpretation of the Book of Haggai and a new perspective on the temple economy in Jerusalem.
The American artist Man Ray was one of the most influential figures of the historical avant-garde, contributing significantly to the development of both Dadaism and Surrealism. Whilst his pioneering work in photography assured him international acclaim, his activity in other areas, notably film, is to this day both unknown and undervalued. During the 1920s Man Ray made four short experimental films and collaborated on a host of other projects with people such as Marcel Duchamp, Fernand Léger, René Clair and Hans Richter. These works, along with a series of cinematic essays and home movies made during the 1920s and 1930s, represent the most important contribution to the development of an alternative mode of filmmaking in the early twentieth century. This book explores Man Ray's cinematic interactions from the perspective of his interdisciplinary artistic sensibility, creating links between film, photography, painting, poetry, music, architecture, dance and sculpture. By exposing his preoccupation with form, and his ambiguous relationship with the politics and aesthetics of the Dada and Surrealist movements, the author paints an intimate and complex portrait of Man Ray the filmmaker.
L'école de l'Ornementation fleurie (chinois Huayan, qui remonte au sanscrit Avata?saka), d'inspiration philosophique et mystique, est une des manifestations majeures du bouddhisme d'Asie orientale (Chine, Corée, Japon). Cet ouvrage présente quelques passages de commentaires chinois du texte canonique de base de l'école, traduite en français et annotés. Ce texte porte le titre sanscrit de Avata?saka-sutra (chinois Huayanjing « Texte doctrinal de l'Ornementation fleurie »). Les commentaires chinois choisis sont deux commentaires perpétuels, le Tanxuanji de Fazang (643-712), un moine éminent, systématisateur de la doctrine Huayan, et le Xinhuayanjinglun de Li Tongxuan (635-730), un laïque et un grand mystique. Ils concernent des points essentiels du système chinois de l'Ornementation fleurie : l'interpénétration universelle de toutes choses, le symbolisme luxuriant des rétributions karmiques, le rôle de la foi dans le progrès spirituel et le cursus des cinq enseignements.